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Te Waikoropupu Springs known simply as 'Pupu Springs' is located near the town of Takaka in Golden Bay. The springs are the largest freshwater springs in New Zealand and the largest cold water springs in the Southern Hemisphere. But it is their water clarity which makes them famous. Measurements of an average of 63 metres of horizontal visibility made it the clearest fresh water on earth, but another site in the smae region, namely Blue Lake now holds the record.
The volume of discharged water comes from eight main vents. Collectively, they discharge an estimated 14,000 litres of water per second. That is enough water to supply a city of around half a million people.The springs hold special significance to the native Maori.
Tourist started visiting the springs in the early days of European settlement. In the second half of the 1900s, divers came from around the world to experience the clear waters of the springs. Today, there is a walking track around the springs with platforms for viewing.