The island of Tongatapu is the main island in the Kingdom of Tonga. It is a large flat coral cay surrounded by a beautiful coastline. Inland, most of the natural vegetation is gone to make way for crops and cultivation that provide much needed food for the island nation. With no rivers or hills, water is collected via rain tanks and used sparingly.
There are a number of settlements and one town, the capital Nukualofa. Outside the population there are many plantations that grow palms, taro, and kava. The spectacular coastline attracts visitors who like to dive or fish. Many visitors come to enjoy the great beaches and tropical climate. Most tourists to Tongatapu come from Australia and New Zealand during their winter months.