Founded in 1804, Hobart is the second oldest city in Australia and the state capital and biggest city of the island state of Tasmania. The city is however small and intimate compared to larger mainland Australian cities. It is located in the state's south-east on the estuary of the Derwent River and the skyline is dominated by scenic Mount Wellington at 1,271 metres high. Hobart has a mild temperate oceanic climate, with four distinct seasons. From Hobart, the attractions of southern and central Tasmania are in easy reach, including: Port Arthur - a site of a former convict colony with historical ruins making it the best known historical site from the convict era, and Mt Field National Park - which has beautiful temperate rainforests, scenic waterfalls, and native fauna including wombat, platypus, and the Tasmanian devil.
Freycinet National Park on the east coast of Tasmania is 125 km from Hobart. Freycinet contains a mix of rugged coastline, pink granite formations, and some jagged peaks called "The Hazards". The main attraction is Wineglass Bay which was voted by Lonely Planet as one of the best beaches in the world. With pure white sand and pure turquiose water coupled with a spectacular natural features, Freycinet is the true gem of the Tasmanian coastline.
The Tasmanian Wilderness constitutes one of the last stretches of temperate rainforest in the world. It includes World Heritage areas in South West, Western and Central Tasmania which includes many national parks such as: Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair, Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers, Mole Creek Karst, Walls of Jerusalem, Hartz Mountains, and Southwest National Park. This part of Tasmania is mountainous, rugged, and covered in lush vegetation. Some areas are easily accessible by car, while other areas require walking ranging from easy to challenging trails.