New Zealand Flora photos
New Zealand is one of
the world's richest bio-diverse areas for flora
. It is home to a large
variety of beautiful plants of which a huge 84% are endemic. The forests range from
sub tropical to temperate, evergreen rainforest, and beech forests. Renown native
trees include Rimu, Totara, Matai, Kahikatea and many species of ferns including
some giant tree ferns. Other notable trees include, the Cabbage Tree, the
Nikau Palm which is New Zealand's only palm tree, and the Giant Kauri, which
hold the record for the greatest timber volume of any tree on Earth.
trees include the Kowhai, which has a beautiful yellow flower, plus the Rata
and Pohutukawa which both flower with different shades
of red each summer.
New Zealand also contains large areas of tussock
grass in sub-alpine areas. Prominent areas of tussock include the South Islands
McKenzie Country and the Central Plateau of the North Island.
areas of New Zealand contain substantial amounts of introduced species such as California's Pinus
Radiata and the Canadian Douglas Fur. Both these trees are New Zealand's primary crop for forestry and take about 30 years to fully grow, compared to 90 years in their native Northern Hemisphere. This is attributed to New Zealand's lush volcanic soil and near year round rainfall.
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