Australia is a continent with landscapes consisting mainly of low plateaus sectioned off by rugged mountain ranges. The Great Dividing Range is the prominent mountain range. It starts in central Victoria and ends in Northern Queensland, some several thousand kilometres in length. It is the fourth longest range in the world. To the surprise of many, an area within this range on the Victoria and New South Wales border receives more snow than the country of Switzerland.
Other prominent mountain ranges include The Hammersley Ranges, the Flinders Ranges, the Macdonell Ranges, the Darling Ranges, and the King Leopold Ranges.
Northern Australia is located in the tropics and the landscape consists of rainforest which leads into large areas of savanna grasslands to the south which eventually merge into the central desert area. These deserts combined form the largest desert region in the world outside of the African Sahara. It is often called the Red Centre due to the unusual red colour in the soil and sand.
Tasmania to the south is a mountainous island about the same size as Ireland or Sri Lanka. It is located in the temperate climatic zone immediately below the Australian continent. One quarter of this island is protected wilderness and is similar in appearance to nearby New Zealand.
The Southwest corner of Australia has Karri Forests which rate as some of the tallest trees on Earth, while southern Australia has large tracts of temperate rainforest.