Australia is one of the world's most urbanised countries. Outside of all urban zones lie large rural areas where fewer than 15% of Australians live. Beyond that lies the Outback a vast wilderness of desert and grasslands. In the grassland areas lie huge stations that engage in sheep farming, cattle, and other livestock. Due to the lack of rainfall in these areas, farm animals here are sparsely populated and spread out making it hard to know that the land is used for grazing. Herds of cattle are so spread out that helicopters are sometimes used to round up the herd.
Sheep farming in rural areas and the Outback has traditionally been the main type of farming. The saying 'Riding on the sheep's back' is a reference to when Australia depended on wool as its main export and became quite wealthy as a result. Although not as important today, Australia still has more sheep than any other nation on Earth, with over 100 million. These days sheep farming is in decline, and the new industry boosting the economy in a similar wasy is mining.
Australia is the world's largest exporter of beef. With over 28 million heads of cattle, it accounts for over half of all farms with agricultural activity. Beef in Australia is of good quality and reasonably priced and is a common staple of the Australian diet.
Wheat is the country's most important grain and is the fouth largest exporter of wheat in the world. Areas of significant wheat production are concentrated in the south-west and south-east of the country. Other important crops grown in Australia include barley, sugarcane, and temperate and tropical fruits.