Australia is one of the world's most urbanised countries. Outside of all urban zones lie large rural areas where fewer than 15% of Australians live. Beyond that lies the Outback a vast wilderness of desert and grasslands. The grassland areas have huge stations that engage in sheep farming, cattle, and other livestock. Herds of cattle are often spread out over wide distances that helicopters are sometimes used to round up the herd.
Sheep farming in rural areas is the traditional farming of this land. The saying 'Riding on the sheep's back' is a reference to when Australia dependence on wool in early history made the nation quite wealthy. Although not as important today, Australia still has more sheep than any other nation on Earth, with over 100 million. These days sheep farming is in decline, and the new industry boosting the economy is mining. Read more →
Australia is the world's largest exporter of beef. With over 28 million heads of cattle, it accounts for over half of all farms with agricultural activity. Beef in Australia is of good quality and reasonably priced and is a common staple of the Australian diet.
Wheat is the country's most important grain and is the fouth largest exporter of wheat in the world. Other important crops grown in Australia include barley, sugarcane, and temperate and tropical fruits.