This is the Australian Bureau of Meteorology's climate classification of Australia. It is based on Köppen's Climate map. This view shows climatic zones from equatorial to temperate with desert and grasslands occupying a large area in the centre of the continent. Australia contains most climatic zones found throughout the world except alpine and tundra .Small parts of Australia are classified as semi-alpine. They reside in areas of high altitude in the temperate zone, particulary on the Victoria and New South Wales border, and in the island state of Tasmania. Some coastal areas above the termperate zones have a subtropical climate. One of these regions on the east coast contains the world's largest subtropical rainforest.